Sprains and strains can take a toll on us. Not only do they disrupt our day to day activities but can dent our mental wellbeing as well.
Given below are some essential nursing tips for sprain and strain treatment until you can see a Doctor, first and foremost though, if the pain is severe or you have any doubts that you may have experienced a break or dislocation its time for A&E!
- Controlling the sprain
When any area in your body is sprained, you must ensure that it is properly controlled. The first step is to rest the injured area. One may use a sling for arm related sprains. Crutches may have to be used for leg or foot related injuries. If it’s a case of fingers (or toes), they can be attached to the adjacent ones for support, with a tape.
As the injured area is at rest you may apply ice on it for 20 minutes after an hour’s interval. Make sure that the ice is not put in direct contact with the skin as it leads to skin damage. Also, use a thin towel for the same.
Special braces for various injuries such as sprained ankle etc. are available for removing the swelling. In cases where joints are involved, you can compress by wrapping an elasticized bandage around it in a firm, but not too tight manner. After this, you can elevate the bandaged area above the heart level.
- Managing the inflammation
As soon as we get a sprain and the sprain symptoms are visible, our first trail of thought goes towards controlling the pain and inflammation. One can take an over the counter anti-inflammatory drug. Ibuprofen (Also called Advil, Motrin), acetaminophen (Also called Tylenol) and aspirin are some of the over-the-counter drugs for the same. Always read the label though!
- Visiting a doctor
Every sprain or strain must be evaluated by a doctor, even the most minor one. And if you think there are visible external symptoms of a broken bone, you must visit the doctor as soon as possible. Some cases where one may have a possible bone breakage along with the sprain:
- A pop sound was heard during the injury
- It is difficult to move the injured joint
- The entire area is numb
- Swelling, pain, fever and open cuts are some other symptoms of the same
- A proper follow-up
The first step mentioned that is controlling the sprain has to be continued for twenty-four to forty-eight hours (or until the time you visit a doctor).
To eliminate all doubts of a broken bone, the doctor may have to carry out an X-ray or an MRI scan.
If the case of injury is very severe for let’s say a sprained knee, a surgery may have to be performed. After that, the affected area will be immobilized with a cast, until the healing completes.
You can book private physiotherapy sessions with professionally qualified physiotherapists at one of our multiple clinics near you in London. For instant and direct booking to get relief from sprains, strains and similar injuries you can Book Here.